Science
Image credit: NASA

A Mysterious Object Has Just Been Measured Exiting A Black Hole

Two of NASA's telescopes recently witnessed a never before seen phenomenon. A quasar was spotted exiting a black hole more than five billion light years away, in a region of space known a Sagittarius A*.

It was by sheer luck that the telescopes were pointed at the right region at the right time, and scientists are scrambling to collect as much data as they can.


Black holes are gravitational distortions, harnessing such force that not even light can escape its pull.

Witnessing the process and the circumstances surrounding it, are giving scientists and researchers the information to rewrite what we know about black holes.

Little is known about black holes. Their structure is the subject of much debate as we haven't as of yet been able to experiment with one.

We have also only seen one manner of interaction between black holes, them pulling in light and matter. Everything we know about them was based off long range observation and theories.

We have never before observed an object coming through a black hole's corona and breaking the gravitational pull.

Sagittarius A* has been generating a variety of energy flares about every ten days. Over the last year, the frequency has increased to that flares are occurring almost everyday.

After the quasar cleared the black hole's corona, or center, there followed a massive release of X-ray and gamma radiation. Dan Wilkins, of Saint Mary's University, stated,

"This is the first time we have been able to link the launching of the corona to a flare. "This will help us understand how supermassive black holes power some of the brightest objects in the universe."

The quasar that escaped the black hole has been dubbed Q2237+0305, though it is more commonly referred to as 'Einstein's Cross'. Quasars are rare celestial formations that pt off unbelievably massive amounts of energy.

We have long believed them to contain and/or be directly formed by black holes but until now it was only a theory. At its innermost core there is a disc of matter in orbital motion, known as an accretion disc.

This accretion disc is compounded matter, and Einstein's Cross's disc is roughly the size of our solar system!

Even with our most powerful telescopes we have, they are insufficient to accurately measure objects at that distance. Using a technique known as microlensing, scientists can study and measure objects that are extremely far away.

The technique can also be used on objects that project little to no light. Microlensing measures how light bends around other objects between the observed object and us. The foreground object acts like a lens, magnifying our view of deep regions of space.

"The breakthrough of this work has been that we've been able to detect a structure in the inner edge of such a small disk at such a great distance, thanks to the gravitational microlensing effect. It would be the equivalent to detecting an Euro coin at a distance of more than 100000 kilometers," explains Jorge Jiménez Vicente, a theoretical physics and cosmology researcher for Universitat de València.

The Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics has been tracking the X-ray emissions for the past several years. The data now being collected seems to indicate a never before noticed connections.

What makes this situation all the more incredible is that only 1 in 500 quasars can be observed and measured in this way.

The information gained from this event will not only deepen our understanding of the universe, in particular black holes, but help us refine the methods we use to scan the skies. It is one thing to refine theories and another entirely to experience an event.

Uplifting

Man Buys Stranger's Groceries When Overhearing Her Tell Her Daughter They Can't Afford To Eat That Night

Kindness is within us all

A man has recently been getting attention online for his inspiring act. One night, while he was minding his own business, he was confronted with a family in need. He had two options. He could have done the same thing everyone else did in the store and let them figure it out for themselves, or he could be their hero that day and help them out within his means.

The thing is, the man didn't have much money himself, and he was working two jobs to support himself and his kid. Here's how he decided on what to do.

Meet Bear, A Man Who Works Double Shifts To Live

Bear's shirtless selfie covered in tattoos and smirking

therealbearjr / Instagram

It was a day like most for Bear, as he had just pulled two fourteen-hour shifts in a row and needed some food, but had no energy left to make it. He writes this on a post on Facebook and explains that this actually didn't turn out to be like most days: I stopped by the grocery store to grab food for dinner and as I was checking out a woman started crying in the next checkout line."

Bear listened in on the conversation between a mother and her daughter, and it was heartbreaking.

The Little Girl Asked Her Mom Why She Was Crying

woman walks with basket in grocery store with empty aisle

Martijin Boudain / Unsplash

At first, it's easy to assume the mom is just having a bad day, maybe she got into a fight with her husband or is tired from looking after her kid. As he listened in, ge overheard the girl ask her mom what was wrong, as she continued to stand crying in the lane right next to hers.

"Her daughter asked her what's wrong and she all she could say was, 'we can't afford to eat tonight.''" These are the words that no parent wants to imagine ever needing to say to their child, who depends on them just to live. Yet, it is the unfortunate case for many.

Food Insecurity Is A Real Problem

food items stacked up

Nico Smit / Unsplash

Food insecurity is a problem for many families across the country. This problem has gotten even worse with the pandemic as many families who relied on their small businesses had to shut down and couldn't make do anymore.

Even then, this problem existed before the pandemic and still continues today. In fact, the U.S Department of Agriculture reports that 10.5 percent (13.8 million) of U.S. households were food insecure at some time during 2020 and this number is unchanged from 2019.

This Time It Would Be Different

Bear and son take selfie in the city with red masks on

therealbearjr / Instagram

For a lot of food-insecure families, they simply would have had to walk out of that grocery store empty-handed, with a kid possibly going to bed hungry that night. For this mom, kindness was in the cards, At first, another person who also overheard her gave them a few dollars towards their groceries.

But Bear knew she needed more than that. He walked over to the mom and her daughter and told them he would pay for their food and to get whatever they want. He writes on Facebook: "A person behind her gave her a couple of dollars and she bought her daughter a Kids Cuisine TV dinner. I told her to grab what she wants, I'll pay for it."

All In Divine Timing

walart staff stands in front of entrance with "thank you" sign

walmartcanada / Instagram

Was Bear's presence in that mothert's life at that time and place just a coincidence? Bear doesn't think so. He explains that he never actually shops at that store but for whatever reason, he felt inclined to do so that night. He think the reason for it comes down to divine timing…

"I NEVER stop at this Walmart. I'm simply saying GOD puts you where he needs you to be WHEN he needs you to be there"

People Find Bear Inspiring

Bear and son pose for picture while sitting on green chair

therealbearjr / Instagram

Bear's Facebook post has gotten a lot of attention as many who read it are inspired by his selfless act. For all he knows, he could have saved that family that night.

"That's my little Brother doing what moms told us to do when women and children are in need, we help them out with whatever they need. GOD put you in the right place last night. Thanks for helping a woman and her children with the food they need to eat so they don't go hungry. God's got you," a person commented.

Whether it was a divine intervention or simply the actions of a kind man, it brought good into the world and we only hope things like this continue to happen to make it a better place.

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