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The Longest Total Lunar Eclipse In Over 100 Years Is About To Color The Moon Blood Red

A total lunar eclipse, also know as a blood moon, is set to take place on the night of July 27th and the morning of July 28th!

The eclipse will take on an orange-red hue due to sunlight passing through Earth's atmosphere and bouncing off the moon. This eclipse will be the longest in about a century, lasting nearly one hour and forty-three minutes!

North America will not be able to view this eclipse, since the moon will dip below the horizon, but there are several live video streams from around the world that anyone can watch!

Earth will pass between the sun and the moon, casting a shadow on our ancient orbiting friend.

Here's how a total lunar eclipse colors the moon red...

Total solar eclipses and total lunar eclipses are very similar, yet opposite things. During a solar eclipse, the moon passes between earth and the sun to cast its shadow on our lonely planet.

The shadow lacks color because the moon does not have an atmosphere. The gases in the atmosphere scatter and refract sunlight.

Earth, obviously, has an atmosphere which causes total lunar eclipses to take on a different color than the total solar eclipses.

Our planet possesses an atmosphere rich with nitrogen. This nitrogen takes the white sunlight, a mix of all colors in the spectrum, and scatters around the blue colors.

This is why the sky appears blue during the day and the sun is a bright yellow. Around sunrise and sunset, the light reaching your eyes has become increasingly scattered, so much so that the blues are almost completely missing.

The lack of blue during sunrise and sunset is what makes the light appear even more red and orange.

The moon is approximately 240,000 miles away from Earth. According to a blog post written by David Diner, a planetary scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion laboratory:

"If you were standing on the moon's surface during a lunar eclipse, you would see the sun setting and rising behind the Earth. You'd observe the refracted and scattered solar rays as they pass through the atmosphere surrounding our planet."

All of that colored light becomes focused on the moon, creating a cone-shaped shadow referred to as the umbra. The umbra is what creates the orange-red color.

Our moon is also coated in an ultra-fine, glassy rock dust know as regolith. Regolith has a very unique characteristic called "backscatter."

This special property bounces a majority of the light back in the exact same way it came from. In the case of a lunar eclipse, straight towards Earth.

Backscattering is also responsible for the brightness of full moons during other lunar phases.

If you're looking at the moon during a total lunar eclipse, you're actually seeing Earth's refracted sunrise-sunset light being bounce right back at you.

Each lunar eclipse has a different red color due to natural and human related activities that change Earth's atmosphere.

"Pollution and dust in the lower atmosphere tends to subdue the color of the rising or setting sun, whereas fine smoke particles or tiny aerosols lofted to high altitudes during a major volcanic eruption can deepen the color to an intense shade of red," Diner stated.

July's total lunar eclipse will also take place during what is called a "micro" moon, or the opposite of a super moon.

A micro moon takes place because the moon's orbit isn't a perfect circle. The moon appears larger at times and smaller at others during its ~30 day orbit around Earth.

Where, When, and How To See The Total Lunar Eclipse

Sorry, but if you live in North America, you're out of luck this year. The moon will be below your horizon during the total lunar eclipse! You can still watch on a live webcast, though!

If the weather decides to cooperate, most of eastern Africa, the Middle East, and central Asia should be able to witness the full and total lunar eclipse.

Scientist down in Antarctica will also have a spectacular view of this astronomical event!

Europe, Australia, Indonesia, and eastern Asia will at least be able to enjoy a partial lunar eclipse, where the moon will pass partly through the Earth's shadow.

A map of locations where the total lunar eclipse will be visible during July 27th and 28th, 2018.Fred Espenak/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

The partial eclipse will take place when the moon first makes contact with the penumbra, or outer shadow of planet Earth. According to NASA, that should happen at 17:14 Universal Time on July 27th.

When the moon fully reaches the inside of the red-colored umbra of Earth, the total solar eclipse will start. This should happen around 19:30 UT and end by 21:13 UT.

A full 1 hour and 43 minutes, which is only four minutes short of the longest total lunar eclipse scientifically possible, according to EarthSky.

As soon as the moon passes out of the Earth's shadow, the partial eclipse will resume. The entire event will end at 23:38 UT (early morning on July 28th, depending on your location).

If you found this article interesting, please don't be afraid to SHARE it on Facebook with your family and friends so everyone can enjoy this incredible event!

Keep your eyes on the sky.

Horoscopes

This Week's Horoscope Turns Thoughts Into Action, Here's How Each Zodiac Harnesses Its Energy

November 29- December 5

Brought to you by our friend Kelli Fox at Astrology.TV

There are a lot of constructive vibes around this week, and a whole lot of idealism too. The week begins with a potent Mars-Neptune trine on Monday, which encourages us to put some of our grand ideas into action.

We get back up on this task on Tuesday, with sextiles from the Sun and Mercury to practical Saturn, and from socially facilitating Venus to Neptune. Harnessing these energies means we can move forward constructively as well as find backing from our teams, colleagues, friends, and families.

The weekend may be a different matter, however – the Solar Eclipse in Sagittarius promises shocks in the system, especially related to issues of justice, fairness, or freedom.

Take a quick zodiac reading here to find out what the universe has to say about you right now.

Aries

You know what you want to do to improve the world, Aries, but you've always hesitated to take action on that. On Monday, the Mars-Neptune trine could be the push you've been waiting for, as you realize that your ideas and ideals can make a difference after all.

Tuesday is a particularly good day for getting moving with this. Get others on board with help from the Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile, and fine-tune your career towards a more altruistic purpose with help from the Venus-Neptune sextile.

Saturday's Solar Eclipse prompts you to expand your horizons. You've been taking too narrow a view of life. Seek new views, learn new philosophies, visit new lands, meet new people. Change comes through many minds working together.

Taurus

This week, you're inspired to create common goals with your partner – or with those closest to you, if you're single – and to work together on something which matters to your soul. The Mars-Neptune trine on Monday is particularly inspirational for this.

On Tuesday, the Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile grows your confidence, while the Venus-Neptune sextile helps you to get support from your wider network or community for the ideals you're trying to share.

Look to Saturday's Solar Eclipse, however, for some boundary setting. You may have been too forceful in your dealings with others, or perhaps you've allowed others to behave inappropriately with you. That has to stop.

Gemini

Focus on finding ways to improve your efficiency at work, or the ease and comfort in which you can do your job. You have many ideas for how to improve things, especially on Monday when Mars trines Neptune – some of them are a bit 'far out', perhaps, but it could be that their time has come!

You'll get plenty of backup on Tuesday from your partner, courtesy of a helpful Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile, and you can also expect favorable reactions from authority figures, with the Venus-Neptune sextile helping your persuasive skills.

Saturday's Solar Eclipse occurs in your love zone – this could bring a shock or revelation about a partner, but it's likely to impact your own personal growth in a positive manner.

Take a quick zodiac reading here to find out what the universe has to say about you right now.

Cancer

You've been feeling stifled and restricted recently, and this is the week to work on getting out of that rut. When Mars trines Neptune on Monday, you'll feel inspired to travel, to shake up your routines, to learn something new or to otherwise create new avenues of freedom for yourself.

Everyday practicalities that have previously stood in your way may start to dissolve on Tuesday, courtesy of helpful sextiles to Saturn, and you'll also sense that you have the full support of your sweetheart.

Look to Saturday's Solar Eclipse for a significant event or moment that underscores your need to break free – and which gives you the impetus to finally do so.

Leo

Family matters get a dose of healing and compassion this week, especially on Monday when Mars trines Neptune and encourages much better mutual understanding and forgiveness.

This provides a sense of relief and celebration, especially on Tuesday, when the Sun and Mercury sextile Saturn, allowing joy to flow through your relationship, and when Venus sextiles Neptune, freeing up more time for you to spend with your lover.

Saturday's Solar Eclipse occurs in your risk zone and encourages you to take a leap of faith. This is a very good time for treating fears and phobias, and for allowing your emotions to spill out freely – don't hold anything back.

Virgo

There's a real sense of partnership in your relationship this week, with you both working together as a strong team and towards a shared purpose. The lovely Mars-Neptune trine on Monday underscores this and points towards a shared spiritual understanding too.

The Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile on Tuesday shares responsibilities with your loved ones and improves your ability to delegate, while the Venus-Neptune sextile the same day adds a lovely big dose of romance and magic – what's not to love about that?

On Saturday, however, the Solar Eclipse falls in your family zone. You are being asked now to spend more time with your family, prioritizing domestic matters over work. See what you can do to make this happen.

Take a quick zodiac reading here to find out what the universe has to say about you right now.

Libra

This is a week when you should start to see financial rewards for all of your recent hard work. The Mars-Neptune trine on Monday activates your money zone as well as your work zone, so keep pushing forwards and following your dreams.

Improved communication on Tuesday will help with getting what you want, boosted by the Sun/Mercury sextile to Saturn. Meanwhile, family backup is also strong, as mirrored by the Venus-Neptune sextile the same day. People really are on your side.

The Solar Eclipse on Saturday challenges you to keep an open mind about a controversial subject; try to avoid speaking out on topics where you don't really know much about the background. Use it as an opportunity to learn.

Scorpio

You've known for some time that you need to focus more on the joy in your life – Monday's Mars-Neptune trine will help you do just that. Your priority this week should be things that make you smile, laugh, feel alive and feel vibrant.

You may have the opportunity to do something special on Tuesday, when the Sun/Mercury sextile to Saturn gives a financial push, and the Venus-Neptune sextile hints at magical experiences. Say yes to whatever life offers.

The Solar Eclipse on Saturday occurs in your money zone and may hold some shocks and surprises if you have been reckless with your finances. Pay attention to your personal security around this time too, and don't take chances.

Sagittarius

This is a very spiritual week for you, Sagittarius, and on Monday especially you will feel drawn to meditation, divination, psychic insights, mediumship and past life regression. As Mars trines Neptune, all of these things have much wisdom to offer you.

You'll want to learn too, and Tuesday's Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile gives you the opportunity to do so. As Venus sextiles Neptune the same day, you may also find a way to earn money through your spiritual gifts, although you should be careful to maintain the highest of intentions.

The Solar Eclipse in Sagittarius on Saturday is a significant moment for you, and it speaks to your very identity and the way you choose to move forward in life. You have some important decisions to make.

Take a quick zodiac reading here to find out what the universe has to say about you right now.

Capricorn

Friendships are set to be important this week, and you will especially love meeting new people who gel with you intellectually. When Mars trines Neptune on Monday, it's also a good time for meeting people who can work with you towards a common cause, whether that's political, charitable or local.

There's a spiritual element to your group interactions too, most likely on Tuesday when the Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile shows how you share values with other like-minded souls and the Venus-Neptune sextile activates the spiritual elements of your identity.

It's perhaps unsurprising then that the Solar Eclipse on Saturday in your spiritual zone may mark a turning point in your spiritual understanding. Open your heart and mind to new possibilities.

Aquarius

Give your ambitions free reign this week, because the cosmic vibes are lining up to support your success. On Monday, the Mars-Neptune trine is very promising, particularly if you want to work in a creative or artistic field, or if financial rewards for your efforts have been a long time coming.

On Tuesday you should find that the Sun/Mercury-Saturn sextile provides strong support from friends or your work-based team and the Venus-Neptune sextile the same day highlights money coming in from an imaginative or unusual direction.

The Solar Eclipse, however, occurs in your community zone on Saturday. Try to blend your very reasonable desire for material success with your deeper humanitarian desire for a better society. How can you work towards both these goals? There is a way.

Pisces

New experiences beckon this week if you can step out of your comfort zone. Look to the Mars-Neptune trine on Monday to provide you with the confidence you need. Anything involving travel or outdoor adventure will be particularly good at showing you what you can do.

Sextiles from the Sun/Mercury to Saturn and to Neptune from Venus also play their part on Tuesday, giving you support and encouragement from friends and loved ones and reminding you that you're much more capable than you think.

Indeed, the Solar Eclipse in your status zone on Saturday may bring about a mini-crisis of some kind that puts you in the spotlight – but this will serve to teach you that you are a strong, capable individual, who does not need to fear anything. Go for it!

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